Out of Sight, Out of Mind
Since 2004, the USA has been practicing a new kind of clandestine military operation. The justification for using drones to take out enemy targets is appealing because it removes the risk of losing American military, it’s much cheaper than deploying soldiers, it’s politically much easier to manoeuvre (i.e. flying a drone within Pakistan vs. sending troops) and it keeps the world in the dark about what is really happening. It takes the conflict out of sight, out of mind.The success rate is extremely low, and the cost in civilian lives and the general well-being of the population is very high. This project helps to shed light on the topic of drones. Not to speak for or against, but to inform and allow you to see for yourself whether you can support drone usage or not.Attacks and victims viewThe first view you see illustrates the attacks by the drones. We also wanted to give an emphasis on the victims. By clicking on the Victims link, you can see an expanded view of the actual victims with the total number of attacks and fatalities for each month.Important notesThe category of victims we call “Other” is classified differently, depending on the source. The Obama administration classifies any able-bodied male as a military combatant unless evidence is brought forward to prove otherwise. This is a very grey area for us. These could be neighbours of a target killed. They may all be militants and a threat. What we do know for sure is that they are targeted without being given any representation or voice to defend themselves.About the dataThe primary data used in this visualisation comes from a dataset maintained by the Bureau of Investigative Journalism (BIJ). The BIJ is a not-for-profit organisation with the aim of educating the public and the media on both the realities of today’s world, and the values of honest reporting. Whilst there were other data sources that had listings of drone strikes, the BIJ seemed to have the most unbiased collection of information.Because the US government does not disclose strike information, the data must be manually collected on the ground by reporters. the challenge is that stories and estimates vary between sources. In cases where there are inconsistencies, a minimum and a maximum number of possible fatalities are recorded. We take the average whole number between these estimates for each attack. In a few instances there were fatalities confirmed, but the estimated number of fatalities was not obtainable. In these cases, we simply omitted the fatalities. The list of high-profile targets (the white squares) comes from the New America Foundation.
Visualization by Pitch Interactive
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All text and image from Pitch Interactive, click the link above to go directly to the visualisation.